1734-1815 an Austrian physician Franz Anton Mesmer believed that there was a fluid in the nerves. The blockage of the flow this flow would result in disease. He used techniques initially with magnets and then with his hands to unblock the pathway of these fluids. Mesmer became the acknowledged father of this therapy and his technique was called mesmerism.
Jean Martin Charcot (1825-93) uses hypnosis to deal with hysterics.
1840 John esdail a surgeon form UK used hypnosis to anaesthetise his patients prior to surgery. He called it mesmeric sleep.
1841: James braid used the term hypnotism to make it subject cantered instead of the prevailing operator centred therapy called as Mesmerism. James braid refers to the healing methods of the Egyptians, Hindu’s and Greeks.
By 1920 experimental and investigation by psychiatrists like Clark. L. Hull (1884-1957) demystified hypnosis saying that it was essentially a normal part of human nature, where the subject’s imagination played an important role. Some subjects being more susceptible than others.
Hypnosis is a useful tool both in medical practise and dentistry. Particularly in treating addictions. But should be conducted in professional controlled setting.
Misuse of hypnosis can lead to dire consequences.