WHO fact sheet on Blood donations

blood donationBlood Donation 10 facts

This is a share from WHO

  1. Blood donation saves lives and improves health. Voluntary blood donation ensures screening of the donor. So patients requiring transfusion receive safe blood and blood products in time.
  2. Blood transfusions are used to support various treatments. In low-income countries the blood transfusions majorly done for pregnancy related complications, severe anaemia and trauma injuries. In high income countries about 76% of all transfusions are for people over 65yrs and for supportive care, like cardiovascular surgery.
  3. Since blood is an immediate urgent need, its availability is very important. Adequate reliable supply of safe blood can only be assured through voluntary donors.
  4. In 60 countries 100% of the blood donations are from voluntary unpaid donors. But 72 countries still report that 50% of their donors are voluntary unpaid but much of their blood supply is still dependent on family/replacement and paid donors.
  5. 108 million blood donations are collected globally every year. The average blood donation rate is more than 9 times higher in high income countries.
  6. The collection at blood centres vary with the income group. 10,000 blood centres in 168 countries collect blood donation.
  7. The median blood donation rate in high income countries is 36.8 donations per 1000 people. While it is 11.7 in middle-income countries and 3.9 in low-income countries.
  8. Donated blood should always be screened to avoid transfusion transmitted infections like HIV, Hepatitis B and C or syphilis. 25 countries are unable to do due to irregular supply of test kits, short of staff  or basic lab facilities.
  9. A single unit of blood can benefit several patients when the components are separated and delivered on need base.
  10. Unnecessary transfusions increase the risk of the patients to transfusion  transmitted infection and other transfusion reactions.




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