This is a share from WHO
- Blood donation saves lives and improves health. Voluntary blood donation ensures screening of the donor. So patients requiring transfusion receive safe blood and blood products in time.
- Blood transfusions are used to support various treatments. In low-income countries the blood transfusions majorly done for pregnancy related complications, severe anaemia and trauma injuries. In high income countries about 76% of all transfusions are for people over 65yrs and for supportive care, like cardiovascular surgery.
- Since blood is an immediate urgent need, its availability is very important. Adequate reliable supply of safe blood can only be assured through voluntary donors.
- In 60 countries 100% of the blood donations are from voluntary unpaid donors. But 72 countries still report that 50% of their donors are voluntary unpaid but much of their blood supply is still dependent on family/replacement and paid donors.
- 108 million blood donations are collected globally every year. The average blood donation rate is more than 9 times higher in high income countries.
- The collection at blood centres vary with the income group. 10,000 blood centres in 168 countries collect blood donation.
- The median blood donation rate in high income countries is 36.8 donations per 1000 people. While it is 11.7 in middle-income countries and 3.9 in low-income countries.
- Donated blood should always be screened to avoid transfusion transmitted infections like HIV, Hepatitis B and C or syphilis. 25 countries are unable to do due to irregular supply of test kits, short of staff or basic lab facilities.
- A single unit of blood can benefit several patients when the components are separated and delivered on need base.
- Unnecessary transfusions increase the risk of the patients to transfusion transmitted infection and other transfusion reactions.